Let’s start with Python
We're finally here!
But first, let us tell you what Python is. Python is a very popular programming language that can be used for creating websites, games, scientific software, graphics, and much, much more.
Python originated in the late 1980s and its main goal is to be readable by human beings (not only machines!). This is why it looks simpler than other programming languages, but don't worry – Python is also really powerful!
Note If you're using a Chromebook, skip this chapter and make sure you follow the Chromebook Setup instructions.
Note If you already worked through the Installation steps, there's no need to do this again – you can skip straight ahead to the next chapter!
For readers at home: this chapter is covered in the Installing Python & Code Editor video.
This section is based on a tutorial by Geek Girls Carrots (https://github.com/ggcarrots/django-carrots)
Django is written in Python. We need Python to do anything in Django. Let's start by installing it! We want you to install the latest version of Python 3, so if you have any earlier version, you will need to upgrade it. If you already have version 3.4 or higher you should be fine.
Please install normal Python as follows, even when you have Anaconda installed on your computer.
First check whether your computer is running a 32-bit version or a 64-bit version of Windows, on the "System type" line of the System Info page. To reach this page, try one of these methods:
- Press the Windows key and Pause/Break key at the same time
- Open your Control Panel from the Windows menu, then navigate to System & Security, then System
- Press the Windows button, then navigate to Settings > System > About
- Search the Windows Start menu for "System Information". To do that, click the Start button or press the Windows key, then begin to type
System Information. It will start making suggestions as soon as you type. You can select the entry once it shows up.
You can download Python for Windows from the website https://www.python.org/downloads/windows/. Click on the "Latest Python 3 Release - Python x.x.x" link. If your computer is running a 64-bit version of Windows, download the Windows x86-64 executable installer. Otherwise, download the Windows x86 executable installer. After downloading the installer, you should run it (double-click on it) and follow the instructions there.
One thing to watch out for: During the installation, you will notice a window marked "Setup". Make sure you tick the "Add Python 3.6 to PATH" or 'Add Python to your environment variables" checkbox and click on "Install Now", as shown here (it may look a bit different if you are installing a different version):
When the installation completes, you may see a dialog box with a link you can follow to learn more about Python or about the version you installed. Close or cancel that dialog -- you'll be learning more in this tutorial!
Note: if you are using an older version of Windows (7, Vista, or any older version) and the Python 3.6.x installer fails with an error, you can try either:
- install all Windows Updates and try to install Python again; or
- install an older version of Python, e.g., 3.4.6.
If you install an older version of Python, the installation screen may look a bit different than shown above. Make sure you scroll down to see "Add python.exe to Path", then click the button on the left and pick "Will be installed on local hard drive":
Note Before you install Python on OS X, you should ensure your Mac settings allow installing packages that aren't from the App Store. Go to System Preferences (it's in the Applications folder), click "Security & Privacy," and then the "General" tab. If your "Allow apps downloaded from:" is set to "Mac App Store," change it to "Mac App Store and identified developers."
You need to go to the website https://www.python.org/downloads/release/python-361/ and download the Python installer:
- Download the Mac OS X 64-bit/32-bit installer file,
- Double click python-3.6.1-macosx10.6.pkg to run the installer.
It is very likely that you already have Python installed out of the box. To check if you have it installed (and which version it is), open a console and type the following command:
$ python3 --version Python 3.6.1
If you have a different version of Python installed, at least 3.4.0 (e.g. 3.6.0), then you don't have to upgrade. If you don't have Python installed, or if you want a different version, first check what Linux distribution you are using with the following command:
$ grep '^NAME=' /etc/os-release
Afterwards, depending on the result, follow one of the following installation guides below this section.
Verify the installation was successful by opening a command prompt and running the
$ python3 --version Python 3.6.1
The version shown may be different from 3.6.1 -- it should match the version you installed.
NOTE: If you're on Windows and you get an error message that
python3 wasn't found, try using
python (without the
3) and check if it still might be a version of Python that is 3.4.0 or higher. If that doesn't work either, you may open a new command prompt and try again; this happens if you use a command prompt left open from before the Python installation.
If you have any doubts, or if something went wrong and you have no idea what to do next, please ask your coach! Sometimes things don't go smoothly and it's better to ask for help from someone with more experience.